Sonntag, 30. April 2017

Sunday, 30 April 2941 T.A.: Thorin & Company cross the Brandywine Bridge

On this day, in 2941 T.A., Bilbo, Gandalf and the Dwarves set out very early, according to the 1960 timetable, cross the Brandywine Bridge in the late afternoon and camp about 10 miles further east.
Karen Fonstad, in her "Atlas of Middle-earth", agrees with the date of crossing the Brandywine.

Since I could not find any other illustration of the Brandywine Bridge, I submit my own here that I made for my late father two years before his death. The view is from the southwest.

The Brandywine Bridge, by Andreas Möhn 1998

Samstag, 29. April 2017

Saturday, 29 April 2941 T.A.: Lodging in Whitfurrows

Cover illustration of the first German edition of "The Hobbit", by Horus Weber, 1957.
On this day, in 2941 T. A., Thorin & Company lodged in the town of Whitfurrows in the Eastfarthing, according to Tolkien's 1960 timetable reproduced in "The History of the Hobbit" by John Rateliff. Karen Fonstad achieved about the same result in her "Atlas of Middle-earth", based on averaged travel distances.

Freitag, 28. April 2017

Friday, 28 April: The All-welcome inn

Emil Doepler, 1876: Dwarf-smith
On this day, in 2941 T. A., Thorin's Company with Gandalf and Bilbo lodged in the All-welcome Inn at the junction of the Great East Road and the Greenway.

This event is not mentioned in "The Hobbit" but found in a timetable that Tolkien compiled in 1960 for a revision that was soon abandoned. The timetable, published by John D. Rateliff in "The History of the Hobbit, p. 816 et seq., is incompatible with the published "Hobbit" in its latter part but agrees with Karen Fonstad's reconstruction of the travel route in its earlier parts and therefore is included here.

Donnerstag, 27. April 2017

Thursday, 27 April: Bilbo Baggins departs from Bag-end

Balin on his pony. Illustration by Evelyne Drouhin, France, 1969
On this day, in 2941 T.A., Bilbo Baggins was scolded by an Istar named Gandalf for having overslept, rushed out of the door forgetting any handkerchief and just made it to the meeting-point with Thorin Oakenshield's Dwarves in Bywater at 11.00 o'clock.

The Dwarves, Gandalf and Bilbo set out at a very leisurely pace, spending a good month on a road that was usually ridden in half that time. Maybe they spent more days in the "Prancing Pony" than Bilbo was ready to admit in his memoirs.

Mittwoch, 26. April 2017

Gandalf. Tea. Wednesday.

An Unexpected Party. Illustration by Horus Engels, Wolfsburg (Germany), 1957
On this day, Wednesday, 26 April 2941 T. A., Bag-end was invaded by thirteen Dwarves and one Istar who requested Mr. Bilbo Baggins, Esq., to apply for a vacant position as master-thief.

According to the computations presented in the companon volume "The Moon in 'The Hobbit'", there was a new moon that night.

Dienstag, 25. April 2017

Tuesday, 25 April: Gandalf meets Bilbo

Gandalf at the door of Bag-end. Illustration by Horus Engels, Wolfsburg, 1957
On this day, in 2941 T. A., Mr. Bilbo Baggins esq., of Bag-end, received an unexpected (and unwelcome) visit by a wizard named Gandalf who kindly invited himself and some others for tea.

Freitag, 21. April 2017

Thursday, 21 April 2841 T. A..: Thrain departs for Erebor

On this day in 2841 T. A., Thrain departed for Erebor and was never seen again.

The date has been amended in the second edition of "The Hobbit". In the Shire Reckoning, however, 21 April is Friday (or Highday). The origin of this discrepancy is discussed in our companion volume "The Moon on the Hobbit".

Freitag, 7. April 2017

26 March 2941: Gandalf meets Thorin in Bree

On this day in 2941, T.A., Gandalf meets Thórin Oakenshield in Bree. They discuss options how to regain the Lonely Mountain.

(Source:…/…/ref=sr_1_1… , p. 53)

Donnerstag, 6. April 2017

6 April: Today is the New Year of the Elves.

It is Thursday according to the Shire Reckoning. On this day in 2941 TA, Gandalf the Grey meets Holman Greenhand and learns that Bilbo Baggins has left Bag-end on the previous day. Bilbo will stay away for a couple of more days.

(Source:…/…/ref=sr_1_1… , p. 53, referring to "The Quest of Erebor" in "Unfinished Tales".)

Essays collected in printed or electronic books:

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Middle-earth seen by the barbarians: A compilation of Tolkien's references to the Middle Men of Eriador and Gondor: the pre-Númenóreans and the Dunlendings; the concealed history of Dorwinion, the fate of king Bladorthin and the origin of the Lossoth, the culture and history of the peoples in the east and far south of Middle-earth, with special consideration of the Wainriders, the Black Númenóreans and the Corsairs of Umbar. The appendix discusses the name Bladorthin and gives a new interpretation of this enigmatic king, shows how to apply a grid of latitudes and longitudes to the map of Middle-earth and in a previously unpublished essay discusses various comments by Tolkien on Pauline Baynes' recently recovered LotR map. This volume includes updated versions of “The Indigenous Peoples of Eriador and Gondor”, “The Lossoth and the Forodwaith”, “The Men of Darkness”, “The Third Realm in Exile”, “The mysterious King Bladorthin” and “A meridional grid on the map of Middle-earth” from these Science Pages.

The Moon in ‘The Hobbit’: A discussion and digital simulation of the lunar phases stated in ‘The Hobbit’ and ‘The History of The Hobbit’ and their astronomical background, with special regard to the identification of Durin's Day and the threshold of winter; including an analysis of the various calendar systems in ‘The Lord of the Rings’. Many hints are given on how to use the moon and the seasons as plot elements in your own stories. This book has updated versions of the essays “The Moon and Durin’s Day, 2941 TA”, “Midsummer’s eve and the Moon-letters“, “The Reckoning of Time”, “An ephemeris for Bilbo Baggins” and “(Flawed) Astronomy in the History of the Hobbit” from these Science Pages.

Words of Westernesse: A light-hearted introduction into the grammar of Adûnaic, based on Arthur Lowdham's spiritual research in HoMe IX, and (tentative) etymologies of Adûnaic and Westron as far as the corpus of vocabulary has been established. This volumes includes updated versions of the essays “Lalaith’s Guide to Adûnaic grammar” and “Etymologies of the Atani Languages” from these Science Pages.

Dynasties of Middle-earth: Genealogical tables and comments on the lines of the kings of Númenor, Arnor, Gondor, Rohan, Dale and the Princes of Dol Amroth. A shorter version of this volume had been previously presented here as “Genealogies of the noble Mannish houses”.